Italy and the MARCHE REGION

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GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION

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Geomorphologic Features
The Monte Sibillini National Park Territory is formed by calcareous rock
To the west, there is a calcareous and marlycalcareous ridge
To the east, a hilly marly-arenaceous area.
The u-shaped valley still shows the marks left by the last glacial period
•In the wurmian period, the glacier reached an altitude of 1650 m.
• A glacial corrie at the head of the valley
• Morainal deposits in the central area of the valley
The u-shaped valley still shows the marks left by the last glacial period
•In the wurmian period, the glacier reached an altitude of 1650 m.
• A glacial corrie at the head of the valley
• Morainal deposits in the central area of the valley

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Climatic Characteristics
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NATURE
There is a “wild spirit” in the Sibillini Mountains that makes any experience lived there unforgettable.
The vegetation changes as one moves from the base of the mountains (average altitude of 500 m) to the summit. Up to about 1000 m oak woods predominate, then the hornbeam, flowering ash and then beech woods. Today, the limit of forest vegetation is found at about 1700 – 1750 m, about 100 m lower than in the past, due to the cutting down of trees for pastureland.
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Higher up from the potential limits of woodlands, there are the natural pasturelands where rare species can be found…
Like Rock Artemisia, Apennine edelweiss, violet, anemone and gentian. In the scree and drift, there are brambles, woad, toadflax. The presence of ephedra in the Valnerina is notable…
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The fauna is also remarkable: wolf, wildcat, porcupine and roe deer. Thanks to special projects, deer and the Apennine chamois have returned to this environment.
Among the birds, there is the royal eagle that have started nesting even in areas they had abandoned for years. Typical inhabitants of woody places are the goshawk and the sparrow hawk, besides the peregrine falcon. The eagle owl is also present along with the southern partridge. The chough and the sea-crow are often seen as are the dotterel, the accentor, the alpine chaffinch and the woodpecker.
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Among the reptiles, we can name the Ursini viper that finds its northernmost territory in the Sibillini. As regards the invertebrates, endemic to Lake Pilato is the “chirocefalo di Marchesoni”, a type of crab.

LAGO DI PILATO
Lake Pilot

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THE MAGIC ASPECT
In the Middle Ages, the Sibillini were known in all of Europe as the domain of the Devil, of necromancers and of fairies. Among numerous legends, there was the one of the Sibilla, “Illustrious Prophetess”, who lived in a cave situated in the mountain bearing her name.According to one story, she had the body of Pilot, the famous Roman procurator dragged by buffaloes into the reddish waters of the “demoniacal” lake (Lago di Pilato) found in the valley that longitudinally crosses the Vettore Massif.
Not far away, the Gola dell’ Infernaccio (Gully of Hell) still echoes with the ancient rites of necromancers. It is an example of limestone erosion caused by the Tenna River.
In all this area there are lovely beech woods but also some rare species are found: the edelweiss and gentian.
Besides, one can come upon wolves, goshawks and the royal eagle.

GOLA DELL’INFERNACCIO
Gully of Hell

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A fragile mosaic of rare and delicate environments
Natural beauty but also history, tradition and an aura of magic are characteristics found in the area. These four different aspects can be found in various parts of the Park territory.
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