ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION IN LITHUANIA AND ITALY

Mountains

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Lithuania has just hills which can be called mountains. They are very small, the highest mountain is Aukštasis mountain about 293,8 m.
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Italy
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Woods
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Žuvintas Biosphere Reserve
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Facts of Žuvintas
Žuvintas is the first reserve in Lithuania, founded in 1937
Žuvintas is in the South of Lithuania
Area – 5542 ha
Žuvintas swamp area is 78% of the reserve, Žuvintas lake - 13% and 9% - other terrain
Reserve belongs to the largest Lithuanian swamp Žuvinto palios, area -68.5km²
There are 247 recorded bird species, some of which are endangered and added into the Lithuanian Red Data List
There are more than 600 recorded species of plants
Found 108 species of moss, 105 species of algae, 107 species of fungi
Recorded 40 species of mammals
Recorded about 2,000 insect, 5 reptile and 10 amphibian species


Map of Žuvintas Rezerve

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Žuvintas Reserve locarion in Lithuania
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Reserve’s purposes

* observe and predict changes in natural ecosystems;

  • perform environmental experiments in natural complexes and their surrounding areas;
  • conduct the monitoring;
  • carry out applied research;
  • analyze human impact on natural ecosystems;
  • ensure the sustainable use and restoration of natural resources;
  • save the stability of natural ecosystems and components of biota;
  • develop ecological education;
  • facilitate the organization of cognitive tourism to educational and training places;
  • promote ideas of environmental protection.
It is allowed to visit nature reserves for these purposes:

  • Scientific expertise, educational or cognitive
  • Gather berries (cranberries) / mushrooms, amateur ice-fishing (local residents
Endangered birds

The Black stork (Ciconia nigra)
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Eagle-owl (Bubo bubo)
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Hoopoe (Upupa epops)
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Gadwall (Anas strepera)
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Endangered animals

Red-bellied gossip (Bombina bombina)
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Otter (Lutra lutra)
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Wisent (Bison bonasus)
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Endangered plants

Woodman burdock (Arctium nemorosum)


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Intermediate ruthenium (Corydalis intermedia)
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Ramson (Allium ursinum)
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Yellowed-vetchling (Lathyrus laevigatus)
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Endangered moss

Hamatocaulis vernicosus

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Huperzia selago
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UNESCO
Žuvintas Reserve has not yet been added to the UNESCO World Heritage list, but it is protected and maintained. An integrated and coherent environmental management strategy for the biosphere reserve, as well as the involvement of local people should set an example by the development of national conservation programmes.


You must visit Žuvintas Reserve!
Žuvintas Reserve is worth visiting because you can see a very unique nature, access to the animals, birds and insects. Also visit St. George’s Church, or breath with fresh air!





Baltic Sea is a Concern for All





The environmental protection of the Baltic Sea is one of the key issues of national environmental protection. That was revealed by a survey of nine Baltic Sea States carried out in a project implemented by the international research network Baltic STERN. The survey revealed that people were mostly concerned about the sea pollution with heavy metals and other dangerous substances, minor or major oil spills, algal blooms, damage to the flora and fauna.

The measures to be taken to improve the environmental status of the Baltic Sea are provided for in the Environmental Protection Strategy of the Baltic Sea recently adopted by the Government. One of the key objectives is to seek that the environmental protection management would be carried out taking the ecosystem-based approach and that conditions should be created for the current and future generations to treat marine resources in a sustainable manner. To achieve the objective, the waste water directly or indirectly reaching the sea from all city waste management facilities should be cleaned of at least 90% of general phosphorus and at least 75% of general nitrogen. The goal is to have waste water management services to be as widely accessible as possible, improve their quality and reduce pollution from agricultural produce.

The intention is to limit or prohibit the spillage of hazardous substances into the sea. For the preservation of biodiversity, the strategy provides for a harmonious functioning of the sea ecosystems to make sure that the distribution, abundance and quality of habitats and species are in line with the prevailing hydrological, geographical and climate conditions. The objective is to preserve the natural marine and sea-coast landscape and make sure that shipping and other economic activities pursued in the Baltic Sea are carried out in an environmentally friendly way.

The National Strategy for the Protection of the Baltic Sea Environment will be implemented through two phases and the measures will be planned for 2010-2015 and for 2016-2020.